Peru is home to a huge number of archeological locations, among which Machu Picchu, an Incan site, is the most famous. There are a number of Incan sites other than Machu Picchu. In fact, there are a number of civilizations other than Incan as well.
Machu Picchu is the most well known among Incan sites in Peru. This is also an incredibly well preserved site, since the Spanish conquistadors never found out about the existence of the place, and this could not tamper with it. Most other constructions were looted and destroyed by the Spanish.
Machu Picchu is a massive site that sprawls a huge area. The site is best visited with a qualified guide along with you. You will get more out of the experience if you have a decent guide along with you. There are a good number of options available.
Machu Picchu is a site that has been placed among the new Wonders of the world. It is also been recognized as a world heritage site by the UNESCO. The site dates back to more than five centuries.
However, it had been unvisited and undiscovered by the Western world for quite some centuries, until quite recently. It was rediscovered in 1911 by a Yale archaeologist. It was after this that the site slowly started acquiring more and more fame.
The site can be accessed by talking the two day Inca Trail or the four day Classic Inca Trail. Both are extremely rewarding experiences, and are worthy of consideration. It is also possible to take the train to the town nearby, Machu Picchu Pueblo, which is also referred to as Aguas Calientes.